Risk assessment and liability mitigation
Psychological autopsies following the suspicious death
Consulting on Title VII issues
Strategies for responding to returning combat veterans (heroes)
Conflict management within an agency
Leadership development through the use of 360-degrees feedback models
Training to prevent bias-based policing
Training to improve employee performance in highly specific skills such as report writing or pursuit driving
Responding to traumatic incidents
Implement Employee Assistance Program (if required)
Supervising peer support and personal wellness programs
Evaluating and Assisting Jury Competence in Civil or Criminal Cases
First responders are regularly confronted with exposure to traumatic events, including potentially life-threatening situations, as well as the grave injuries and deaths of colleagues and civilians. Evidence indicates that the prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is substantially higher among first responders than the general population. This article provides information about the outpatient trauma services at McLean Hospital’s LEADER (Law Enforcement, Active Duty, Emergency Responder) program to assist clinicians who encounter these first responders in their practices or who are specifically interested in working with this patient population (Mash, 2019).
First responders are exposed to potentially traumatic events repeatedly while on the job. For example, LEOs, EMT/ paramedics, and FFs are exposed to:
ü death, serious injury, and violence at significantly higher rates than most civilian professionals. Given the high frequency and severity of traumatic exposures, it is not surprising that first responders are at an elevated risk for developing PTSD(Mash,2019).
Risk Factors for Developing PTSD
Several non-occupational and occupation-specific risk factors may increase the likelihood of developing PTSD after traumatic stress exposure in LEOs, EMT/paramedics, and FFS. Non-occupational risk factors can be organized into three categories: historical, peritraumatic, and posttraumatic.
1. Historical risk factors include a family history of psychiatric disorders, intelligence, education, early conduct problems, childhood adversity, and childhood abuse
2. Peritraumatic risk factors include the severity of the traumatic event, perception of the trauma as life-threatening, actual physical injury or assault, dissociation during an incident, and magnitude of the dissociative response
3. Posttraumatic risk factors include the absence of social support, poor access to healthy coping skills, limited access to mental health resources, and other life stressors.
Occupation-specific risk factors include the cumulative nature of the traumatic events encountered on the job, the types of traumatic events encountered, routine occupational stress, the perception of inadequate workplace social support, and the concurrent experience of gender or ethnic discrimination or stigmatization.
Evaluation of Competency to Stand Trial: TFCA licenced Psychologist will use a standardized competency measure, the ECST-R, which carefully and systematically walks the defendant through his or her understanding of the various aspects of the courtroom process, assesses his or her ability to cooperate with the attorney efficiently, and assesses for feigning incompetence. The ECST-R is predicated on the Dusky standard.
Evaluation of Not Guilty by Reason of Insanity: TFCA licenced Psychologist evaluates defendants for the insanity defence, being mindful of both the M’Naughton and ALI standards. In addition, according to its relevance to the jurisdiction, our clinicians can testify for Mental State at the Time of the Offense as well as Diminished Capacity in courts where this is considered acceptable expert testimony.
Psychological mitigation of criminal charges: A psychological evaluation of a criminal defendant can be an essential aspect of a plea negotiation. In many cases, the individual charged with the crime does not fit the expectable profile of the offender and may not warrant the same disposition. A thorough psychological assessment can assist the crown attorney in understanding the defendant's motivation for the crime and the likelihood of re-offending. In other cases, mitigation is not appropriate. Conversely, our forensic psychologists can assist criminal defence attorneys in helping their clients understand the difficulty of their claims, the likely views of the jury, and why a trial should be avoided.
Evaluation of Recidivism Risk: TFCA recommends standardized measures to assess the risk of reoffence and violent reoffence; the following measures to make these determinations: LS/CMI (recidivism risk), HCR-20 (violence risk), PCL-R (psychopathy and violence risk) and the Static 99R (risk of sexual reoffense). All of these measures are valid predictors of their target criteria.
Evaluation of Sexually Violent Predators: Canadian law provides for psychological assessment to determine whether an individual is a Sexually Violent Predator (SVP). Typically, the centrepiece of such an evaluation is a determination of the cause of the individual’s prior sexual offences. If the crimes were the result of a mental disorder, the individual might be legally defined as an SVP. Still, if the criminal offences were not the result of a mental disorder, the SVP statute does not apply.
Personal relationships are a lot like the weather. Some days are frigid and calm, and some are humid and sticky, some are dark and invisible, and so forth. Our dedication and advocacy resolve are geared towards “women empowering Women” issues such as identifying the gender gaps in employment, violence against women, including physical, sexual, emotional, and psychological assault. Dr. Mash noted, “Trauma is collective among women, with half of all women experiencing some form of trauma during their lives. One in four women have faced an attempted or experienced sexual assault, and one in three report being abused by a domestic partner. Trauma is a risk factor for a host of mental illnesses, most notably post-traumatic stress disorder. Thus, the challenges of gender discrimination, gendered violence, and mistreatment of women directly work to undermine women’s mental health. It is our mission to make sure women and minors are not discriminated against or further victimized. Here at TFCA, our primary goal is to educate, train, and empower independent and self-reliance.
All women and children who are victims of sexual abuse, severe physical injury and those who have witnessed violence will be treated sensitively by police, prosecution and protection agencies by working harmoniously together with the professionals at TFCA facility. The center will feature a comprehensive team response to allegations of abuse, including forensic interview and medical examinations with photography, victim advocacy, case management and review, therapeutic intervention, and other follow-up services that may be needed. The center strives to promote a sense of safety, trauma reduction, and consistency to abuse survivors and non-offending family members.
As a female-owned facility, TFCA acknowledges and respects the strength of our Wonder-Women from the past. Women, who tirelessly campaigns for reforms on issues such as reproductive rights, domestic violence, maternity leave, equal pay, women’s suffrage, sexual harassment, and sexual abuse, all of which fall under the label of feminism and the feminist movement. Our goal at TFCA is to continue to contribute to positive social justice change, thereby keeping the hard work of our; adding to the lives of women, their offspring, and their pet companions. By offering complimentary (training, education, legal support, human rights knowledge, trained and educated supporters will strengthen the platform for the success of all women that cross our path.
TFCA program provides interdisciplinary assessments, therapeutic care, referral programs (with part
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